Specialisation: Criminology and criminal justice

Comparative criminal justice policy

Module A [LWM07A]

Methods of comparative research

Finding data

Measuring crime

Comparing statistics

Comparing policies

Module B [LWM07B]

Legal cultures and criminal justice policy

Common law

Civil law

Socialist law

Islamic law

Module C [LWM07C]

Aspects of comparative criminal policy

Policing and prosecution

Trials and sentencing

Use of imprisonment

Probation and community punishment

Module D [LWM07D]

Global crime

Controlling transnational crime

War crimes


International law and crime

The modules must be attempted in order.

Francis Pakes, Comparative Criminal Justice 2nd ed (Cullompton: Willan, 2010),
ISBN: 9781843927693

Tim Newburn and Richard Sparks (eds), Criminal Justice and Political Cultures (Cullompton: Willan, 2004), ISBN: 9781843920540

Alison Liebling and Shadd Maruna (eds), The Effects of Imprisonment (Cullompton: Willan, 2006), ISBN: 9781843922179

Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil (London: Penguin, 2006), ISBN: 9780143039884 or 9780140187656

International criminal law

Students are advised that the subject demands some previous knowledge of public international law.

Module A: [LWM30A]

General context and international crimes before national courts

International law principles of State jurisdiction

Customary international law and treaty law

Direct criminal responsibility under international law

Treaty provisions requiring States to criminalise conduct (including terrorism and torture)


Module B: [LWM30B]

International criminal courts and tribunals

Jurisdiction and structure of international criminal courts and tribunals

Co-operation with international criminal courts and tribunals

Investigations, prosecutions, evidence and procedure before international criminal courts and tribunals

Fair trial rights appeals, revision and enforcement of sentences before international criminal courts and tribunals

Module C: [LWM30C]

The core international crimes (crimes within the jurisdiction of international tribunals

The elements of international crimes

War crimes

Crimes against humanity


Aggression and crimes against peace

Module D: [LWM30D]

General principles of international criminal law

Aut dedere aut judicare (“extradite or prosecute”) and unlawful abductions

Jurisdictional immunities

Modes of participation in crimes, and concurrence of crimes


Starting with A, modules must be attempted in order.

Antonio Cassese, International Criminal Law 2nd ed (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), ISBN: 9780199259397

Claire De Than and Edwin Shorts, International Criminal Law and Human Rights (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2003), ISBN: 9780421722507

Philippe Sands (ed), From Nuremberg to The Hague: The Future of International Criminal Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), ISBN: 9780521536769

Jurisprudence and legal theory

Students are not required to have taken an undergraduate course in Jurisprudence, but it will be assumed that they will have some familiarity with standard works in the field up to LLB standard.

The double modules can be attempted in either order.

Double section A/B: [LWM7AB]

Modern legal theory

Selected topics in the development of Anglo-American legal philosophy from the origins of utilitarianism to the present day, including contemporary debates on philosophical method and the nature of law.

Double section C/D: [LWM7CD]

Liberty, equality and law

Selected topics in the development of liberalism, including the ideas of liberty and equality and their relevance in the present day to our understanding of community, economics, cultural diversity and feminism.

Either first.

Ronald Dworkin, Law’s Empire new edition (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 1998), ISBN: 9781841130415

Law of financial crime

[Please note: this course replaces 'Fraud, corruption and money laundering']

Module A: [LWM17A]

Insider dealing and market abuse

The sources of the law on insider dealing

The EC context of market abuse: insider dealing and market abuse

The purpose of the law on insider dealing, and whether or not insider dealing ought to be

Insider dealing offences under Part V of the Criminal Justice Act 1993

The power of regulators

Market abuse regulation

Module B: [LWM17B]

Fraud and market manipulation

The development of the criminal law of fraud

The economic and historical context of the law on abusive practices

Market manipulation offences

Fraud Act 2006 offences

Theft Act 1968 offences

Module C: [LWM17C]

Money laundering

The purpose of money laundering regulation

The international dimension

The context of money laundering regulation

Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 offences

Terrorism Act 2000 offences

Money Laundering Regulations 2007

The efficacy of money laundering regulation

Civil recovery

Module D: [LWM17D]

The nature of the law on financial crime

The sources of the law on financial crime

The objectives of the law on financial crime

The economic and historical context of the law on corruption

The role of information and transparency in financial criminal law

The EC Market Abuse Directive

The role of the regulators in prosecuting criminal offences

The role of criminal law in supporting financial regulation in the UK

Other criminal offences under Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

The underlying objectives of the criminal law in relation to finance

Civil recovery

Module A, B and C must be completed before Module D.

Alastair Hudson Law of Finance. (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2009) ISBN: 9780421947306

For Sections C and D of the course only:
Peter Alldridge, Money Laundering Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2003), ISBN: 9781841132648

Youth justice

Please note that the modules of this course are no longer available for new registrations.

Students currently registered on these modules are able to enter for examinations up th end of 2017.

Module A: [LWM52A]

The aetiology of youth crime

The extent and nature of youth crime

Aetiological explanations for youth crime

Theories of childhood

Youth crime prevention

Module B: [LWM52B]

Historical and theoretical approaches to youth crime

Welfare and punishment in the early history of youth justice policy

The developmental model in the 1980s

Youth justice policy in the 1990s

New Labour, crime and disorder, and managerialism

Module C: [LWM52C]

The youth justice process

Pre-trial diversion

Sentencing young offenders

Punishment in the community and YOTs

The use of detention

Module D: [LWM52D]

Current issues in youth justice

Parental responsibility

The media and youth crime

Alternatives to a Youth Justice System

Child victims and restorative justice


Modules A, B and C before module D.

Julia Fionda, Devils and Angels: Youth, Policy and Crime (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2005),
ISBN: 9781841133744