Specialisation: Human rights law

European Convention on Human Rights

Module A [LWM12A]

Context and foundations of the European Convention on Human Rights

Background to the adoption of the European Convention on Human Rights

Development and nature of the Convention system

The relationship between the Convention and other international and European norms and mechanisms

Interpreting and limiting Convention rights and freedoms

Module B [LWM12B]

The European Convention on Human Rights mechanism

Admissibility

Procedure before the European Court of Human Rights

The nature and effect of Court judgments

Implementing Court judgments

The role of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe

Module C [LWM12C]

European Convention on Human Rights substantive rights (1)

The prohibition on discrimination

The right to life

The prohibition on torture, inhuman and degrading treatment

The prohibition on slavery, the right to liberty and security and freedom of movement

Module D [LWM12D]

European Convention on Human Rights substantive rights (2)

The right to respect for private and family life and the right to marry

Freedom of conscience and religion

Freedom of expression, association and assembly

The right to a fair hearing and to an effective remedy

Sequence:
Module A must be attempted before module B; modules A and B must be attempted before module C; module A and B must be attempted before module D.

Textbooks:

Clare Ovey and Robin White, Jacobs and White: The European Convention on Human Rights 4th ed (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), ISBN: 9780199288106

Dorothy J. Harris and A. R. Mowbray, Cases and Materials on the European Convention on Human Rights 2nd ed (London: Butterworths Law, 2005), ISBN: 9780406977274

Donna Gomien, Short Guide to the European Convention on Human Rights 3rd ed (Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2005), ISBN: 9789287156709

Human rights of women

Module A [LWM19A]

Is the theory underlying human rights law male?

Introduction to Human Rights, what is Human Rights law?

Analysis of the history and philosophy of Human Rights discourse.

Who is included in the “human” of Human Rights?

Module B [LWM19B]

Feminist critiques of human rights

Feminist theories and critiques of Human Rights law.

The problems and/or virtues of Human Rights law for women on a global scale.

Feminist reconstructions of Human Rights, aiming to ensure the inclusion of women.

Module C [LWM19C]

Institutional framework, institutions and documents relating to the human rights of women

Examination of Human Rights documents and their institutional framework, including: the UN Charter, the “three Generations of Rights”, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women; the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women.

International Courts, human rights and humanitarian law.

Module D [LWM19D]

Sovereign governments, non-state actors and individual responsibility for human rights violations: linking theory to practice

Consideration of the work of non-governmental organisations set up for/by women.

Interrelationship between sovereign governments, non-state actors and a developing international jurisprudence on Human Rights law investigating how these impact on the lives of women.

Case studies on sexual violence and rape including the International War Crimes Tribunals at The Hague.

Reconnecting feminist legal theory to the Human Rights of women.

Sequence:
Students are advised to attempt the modules in order but may, if they wish, attempt modules in the following order:
Module C, module A, module B and module D or
Module C, module D, module A and module B.

Textbooks:
Hilary Charlesworth and Christine Chinkin, The Boundaries of International Law: A Feminist Analysis (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000), ISBN: 9780719037399

Rebecca J. Cook (ed), Human Rights of Women: National and International Perspectives (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994), ISBN: 9780812215380

International criminal law

Students are advised that the subject demands some previous knowledge of public international law.

Module A: [LWM30A]

General context and international crimes before national courts

International law principles of State jurisdiction

Customary international law and treaty law

Direct criminal responsibility under international law

Treaty provisions requiring States to criminalise conduct (including terrorism and torture)

Piracy

Module B: [LWM30B]

International criminal courts and tribunals

Jurisdiction and structure of international criminal courts and tribunals

Co-operation with international criminal courts and tribunals

Investigations, prosecutions, evidence and procedure before international criminal courts and tribunals

Fair trial rights appeals, revision and enforcement of sentences before international criminal courts and tribunals

Module C: [LWM30C]

The core international crimes (crimes within the jurisdiction of international tribunals

The elements of international crimes

War crimes

Crimes against humanity

Genocide

Aggression and crimes against peace

Module D: [LWM30D]

General principles of international criminal law

Aut dedere aut judicare (“extradite or prosecute”) and unlawful abductions

Jurisdictional immunities

Modes of participation in crimes, and concurrence of crimes

Defences

Sequence:
Starting with A, modules must be attempted in order.

Textbooks:
Antonio Cassese, International Criminal Law 2nd ed (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), ISBN: 9780199259397

Claire De Than and Edwin Shorts, International Criminal Law and Human Rights (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2003), ISBN: 9780421722507

Philippe Sands (ed), From Nuremberg to The Hague: The Future of International Criminal Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), ISBN: 9780521536769

International refugee law

Students should have some previous knowledge of public international law.

Module A: [LWM60A]

The development of, and responsibility for, international protection of refugees

Historical perspective

The legal framework: The 1951 Refugee Convention and other instruments

Definition of refugee: Beyond the classical definition

Assessment in refugee status determination procedures

International approaches to refugee protection

Legal protection of international displaced persons and stateless persons

Module B: [LWM60B]

The European dimension of refugee law

European immigration practices and policies

The evolving European Union Acquis on asylum: The European framework for refugee protection

European Union refugee status determination procedures

Responsibility and internal protection: European Union Directive on qualification for international protection

European Union jurisprudence: Interaction of the European Convention on Human Rights and refugee law

Module C: [LWM60C]

The rights of refugees

Standards of treatment

Durable solutions to refugee problems

Selected substantive rights of refugees under the 1951 Refugee Convention:
-Principle of non-discrimination
-Right to a fair trial
-Family reunification
-Employment
-Housing
-Education
-Freedom of movement

Module D: [LWM60D]

Contemporary issues in refugee law

Refugee issues and armed conflicts: Dynamic of mobility and displacement

Women and children refugees

Non-Refoulement: A peremptory norm of international law

Loss and denial of refugee status: Article 1F of the 1951 Refugee Convention

Sequence:
Module A first.

International rights of the child

Please note that the modules of this course are no longer available for new registrations.

Module A: [LWM35A]

The development of the international law on the rights of the child

Introduction and analysis of international law and international human rights law

International and regional instruments – specific to the child

International and regional instruments – general human rights

The definition of a child in international law

The two principles of interpretation

Module B: [LWM35B]

Children and family life

Introduction and analysis of the public and the private

Definitions of family, family life and family environment

The ‘right’ to a family

The democratic family

Module C: [LWM35C]

Children and the justice system

Introduction and merger of family law principles and child criminal justice

Definition of juvenile

The umbrella principles

The rights of children accused of an offence

Child hearings

The rights of children deprived of their liberty

Module D: [LWM35D]

Combatting child poverty

Introduction and a critique of the generation of rights theory

Theories surrounding the separation of powers and how they have impeded using the law to alleviate poverty

Using the international law on poverty alleviation in the national courts

Using the international law on poverty alleviation in the international sphere

Sequence:
The modules can be attempted in any order.

Textbook:
Geraldine Van Bueren, Child Rights in Europe (Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing, 2008), ISBN: 9789287162694

Jurisprudence and legal theory

Students are not required to have taken an undergraduate course in Jurisprudence, but it will be assumed that they will have some familiarity with standard works in the field up to LLB standard.

The double modules can be attempted in either order.

Double section A/B: [LWM7AB]

Modern legal theory

Selected topics in the development of Anglo-American legal philosophy from the origins of utilitarianism to the present day, including contemporary debates on philosophical method and the nature of law.

Double section C/D: [LWM7CD]

Liberty, equality and law

Selected topics in the development of liberalism, including the ideas of liberty and equality and their relevance in the present day to our understanding of community, economics, cultural diversity and feminism.

Sequence:
Either first.

Textbook:
Ronald Dworkin, Law’s Empire new edition (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 1998), ISBN: 9781841130415

Law of treaties

Module A: [LWM54A]

Introduction to the law of treaties

Introduction to the law of treaties

Sources of international law with a particular focus on treaties

Concept of a treaty in international law

Treaty-making process

Depositaries, registration and publication of treaties

Consent to be bound by a treaty

Module B: [LWM54B]

Entry into force and the scope of treaty obligations

Entry into force and obligations prior to entry into force

Reservations to treaties

Application of treaties (pacta sunt servanda; observance of treaties and internal law; effect on third states)

Module C: [LWM54]

Legal aspects of the working of treaties

Interpretation of treaties

Conflict of treaties

Revision, amendment and modification of treaties

Succession to treaty obligations

Module D: [LWM54D]

Legal aspects of invalidity, termination and suspension of treaty obligations

Termination and suspension of treaties

Invalidity of treaties

Procedural aspects of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1969

Miscellaneous provisions of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1969

Sequence:
Module A first.

Textbooks:
Anthony Aust, Modern Treaty Law and Practice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), ISBN: 9780521678063

David Harris, Cases and Materials on International Law 7th revised ed (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 2010), ISBN: 9781847032782

Malgosia Fitzmaurice and Olufemi Elias, Contemporary Issues in the Law of Treaties (Utrecht: Eleven International Publishing, 2005), ISBN: 9789077596067

Medical law and ethics

Please note that the modules of this course are no longer available for new registrations. Students currently registered on these modules are able to enter for examinations up to the end of 2017.

Module A: [LWM56A]

Basic concepts in medical law

Bioethics

Consent

Capacity

Confidentiality

Module B: [LWM56B]

Access to treatment and malpractice litigation

Resource allocation

Malpractice litigation

Product liability and the regulation of medicines

Liability for occurrences before birth

Module C: [LWM56C]

Legal and ethical issues in medical practice

Mental health law

Clinical research

Organ transplantation

End of life decisions

Module D: [LWM56D]

Legal and ethical issues in reproduction

Abortion

Embryo and stem cell research

Assisted conception

Surrogacy.

Sequence:
Module A first, Module D last.

Textbook:
Emily Jackson, Medical Law: Text, Cases and Materials (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), ISBN: 9781859414385

United Nations protection of human rights

Students are advised that this course demands some previous knowledge of public international law.

Module A [LWM61A]

Mechanisms for human rights protection by United Nations bodies

Historical development of international human rights law

Mechanisms established by UN human rights treaties: general comments by treaty bodies; reporting system and concluding observations; individual complaints; inter-state complaints; visits

Special Procedures established by the UN Commission on Human Rights: country mandates and thematic mandates

Mechanisms under UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) resolution 1235 and ECOSOC resolution 1503

Module B [LWM61B]

Substantive rights under United Nations human rights treaties 1

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)

Module C [LWM61C]

Substantive rights under United Nations human rights treaties 2

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Module D [LWM61D]

Selected United Nations human rights bodies and specialised agencies

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

International Labour Organization (ILO)

World Health Organization (WHO)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Sequence:
Module A first.

Textbooks:
Henry J. Steiner, Philip Alston and Ryan Goodman, International Human Rights in Context: Law, Politics, Morals 3rd ed (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), ISBN: 9780199279425

Javaid Rehman, International Human Rights Law: A Practical Approach 2nd ed (London: Longman 2009), ISBN: 9781405811811