PS3086 Democracy and democratisation
PS1114 Democratic politics and the State or PS1130 Introduction to modern political thought.
This course considers various aspects of the conditions of democracy, the processes of democratisation, and the breakdown of democratic regimes.
Conceptualising democracy. General criteria for democracy, and particular forms of semi-democracy. Delegative democracy, illiberal democracy and biased states. Democratic consolidation.
Process of democratisation. Paths to democracy. Comparative historical studies.
Conditions of Democracy and its maintenance. The concept of democratic legitimacy and the functioning of liberal democracy in advanced capitalist societies.
Transitions to Democracy. Forms of non-democracy and transitional paths towards democratisation.
Democratic breakdown and reconstruction. Mass society theories and theories of class conflict. Modernisation theory and later criticisms. Democracy and war. Democratic reconstruction and its problems.
A range of countries will be examined in relation to these themes from Europe, Asia and Latin America.